Tuesday, 29 November 2011

Why we learn phonics?

Phonics is the understanding of how letters combine to make sounds and words. Phonics curriculum usually starts with teaching letters, slowly creating a working knowledge of the alphabet. Children learn the sounds of each letter by associating it with the word that starts with that sound. Phonics skills grow through reading activities, and students learn to distinguish between vowels and consonants and understand letter combinations such as blends and digraphs.

Phonics is the association of sounds with letters. Phonics is a method of teaching beginners to read and pronounce words by learning to associate letters or letter groups with the sounds they represent. Research has shown that a strong understanding of the relationship between letters and sounds helps children learn to read.

Phonics is generally thought of as the traditional method of teaching someone how to read. Throughout the 20th century, its popularity has periodically risen and declined, but it has never been abandoned altogether. There are two main ways of incorporating phonics into the reading curriculum: the synthetic and analytic approaches.With the synthetic approach, children learn the 44 basic sounds that can be produced by the 26 letters of the English alphabet, and vocabulary words are only introduced when all the letter sounds have been mastered. Students are taught to sound out unfamiliar words one letter at a time based on their sounds. With the analytic method, students first acquire a basic vocabulary of words they know by sight and then study the relationships of letters and sounds by analyzing how they operate within these words.

Monday, 28 November 2011

Saturday, 26 November 2011

Hear The Letter Sound

Group 1 - s, a, t, i, p, n

Weave hand in an s shape, like a snake, and say ssssss

Wiggle fingers above elbow as if ants crawling on you and say a, a, a.

Turn head from side to side as if watching tennis and say t, t, t.

Pretend to be a mouse by wriggling fingers at end of nose and squeak i, i, i.

Pretend to puff out candles and say p, p, p.

Make a noise, as if you are a plane - hold arms out and say nnnnnn.

Group 2 - ck, e, h, r, m, d

c k
Raise hands and snap fingers as if playing castanets and say ck, ck, ck.

Pretend to tap an egg on the side of a pan and crack it into the pan, saying eh, eh, eh.

Hold hand in front of mouth panting as if you are out of breath and say h, h, h.

Pretend to be a puppy holding a piece of rag, shaking head from side to side, and say rrrrrr.

Rub tummy as if seeing tasty food and saymmmmmm.

Beat hands up and down as if playing a drum and say d, d, d.

Group 3 - g, o, u, l, f, b

Spiral hand down, as if water going down the drain, and say g, g, g.

Pretend to turn light switch on and off and say o, o; o, o

Pretend to be putting up an umbrella and say u, u, u.

Pretend to lick a lollipop and say l l l l l l.

Let hands gently come together as if toy fish deflating, and say f f f f f f.

Pretend to hit a ball with a bat and say b, b, b.

Group 4 - ai, j, oa, ie, ee, or

Cup hand over ear and say ai, ai, ai.

Pretend to wobble on a plate and say j, j, j.

Bring hand over mouth as if you have done something wrong and say oh!

Stand to attention and salute, saying ie ie.

Put hands on head as if ears on a donkey and say eeyore, eeyore.

Put hands on head as if ears on a donkey and say eeyore, eeyore.

 Group 5 - z, w, ng, v, oo

Put arms out at sides and pretend to be a bee, saying zzzzzz.

Blow on to open hand, as if you are the wind, and say wh, wh, wh.

Imagine you are a weightlifter, and pretend to lift a heavy weight above your head, saying ng...

Pretend to be holding the steering wheel of a van and say vvvvvv.

Move head back and forth as if it is the cuckoo in a cuckoo clock, saying u, oo; u, oo. (Little and long oo.)

Group 6 - y, x, ch, sh, th, th

Pretend to be eating a yogurt and say y, y, y.

Pretend to take an x-ray of someone with an x-ray gun and say ks, ks, ks.

Move arms at sides as if you are a train and saych, ch, ch.

Place index finger over lips and say shshsh.

Pretend to be naughty clowns and stick out tongue a little for the th,

and further for the th sound (this and thumb).

 Group 7 - qu, ou, ue, er, ar

Make a duck's beak with your hands and say qu, qu, qu.

Pretend your finger is a needle and prick thumb saying ou, ou, ou.

Cup hands around mouth and shout to another boat saying oi! ship ahoy!

Point to people around you and say you, you, you.

Roll hands over each other like a mixer and say ererer.

Open mouth wide and say ah.

Friday, 25 November 2011

Phonics Game

This phonics game has three different ways to play and that makes learning letters and pronunciation three times as fun!Try it out~

Phonics Song A - Z

This video shows each letter within the artwork. This helps the child decode the letter and sounds. This is also a new experience to them and all is like a foreign language. This video will help pupils to take ownership of the English language.

The A Song

It's a phonics song for children to teach the short /a/ sound

Letter S Song

The Letter S Song by Have Fun Teaching is a great way to learn all about the Letter S. Use this music video to teach and learn the Alphabet, Phonics, the Letter S Sound, Vocabulary Words with the Letter S, and How to Write the Uppercase and Lowercase Letter S.